Number Plate Rules in India

Improper Number Plates (also called ‘Registration Mark’)

The MV Act (Rule 50, 51 of MV Act, 1989) specifies that the

a) Registration letters and numbers shall be in black on white background for 2 wheelers / LMV Cars and Black letter on Yellow background for commercial vehicles.

b) The sizes of the Number Plate and also the letters shall be as given in the
pamphlet for each category of vehicle.

c) Display of Number Plate in the front and rear side of the vehicle shall be as shown in the pamphlet.

d) Fancy lettering is not permitted.

e) Other names, pictures, arts should not be displayed.

How to Display Registration Marks on Motor Vehicles?
(Rule 50 & 51 of Central Motor Vehicles Rule 1989)
Where should registration numbers be displayed on motor vehicles?

1. The registration mark shall be displayed both at the front and rear of all motor vehicles clearly and legibly.

2. In the case of motorcycles registration numbers in the front shall be displayed parallel to handle bar on any part of the vehicle such as mudguard or on a plate in a line.

3. The registration mark on light motor vehicles may be in the center with illumination.

4. Registration number exhibited at the rear of the transport vehicles shall be on the right-hand side at a height not exceeding one meter from ground level as may be reasonably possible.

5. The registration number also be painted on both the left and right side on the body of the vehicle in case of transport vehicles.

6. In case of stage carriages and contract carriages registration mark also be painted on partition provided between driver and passengers or on the front left side interior near the roof facing the passenger’s seats and in the case of motor cab or taxi cab shall be painted on dash board.

How should registration mark be displayed on motor vehicles?

1. The letters of the registration mark shall be in English and figures in Aerobic numerals.

2. In the case of transport vehicles such as Lorries, Buses, Autos, Maxi cabs. Taxi cabs registration mark shall be in Black colour on the yellow background.

3. In case of other vehicles such as private cars, scooters and motor cycles registration mark shall be in Black colour on White back ground.

4. The registration number shall be exhibited in two lines; the state code (KL) and registering authority code forming the first line and the remaining number in second line, below the first line.

5. The registration mark of all motor vehicles in the front and two wheelers having no sufficient provision at the rear may be exhibited in single line.

SIZE OF NUMBER PLATES

1. For two and three wheelers                                        : 200 x 100 mm

2. For light motor vehicles / passenger car                  : 340x 200 mm or 500 x 120 mm

3. For medium / heavy commercial vehicles               : 340 x 200 mm

Size of letters and numerals of the registration mark

Sl.No.

Class of vehicle

Dimensions in M.M

Height

Thickness

Space

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

1

Motor Cycles with engine capacity less than 70 cc

Front letters and numerals

15

2.5

2.5

2

All motorcycles and three wheeled invalid carriages

Rear letters

35

7

5

Rear numerals

40

7

5

Front letters & numerals

30

5

5

3

Three wheelers with engine capacity below 500 CC

Front and rear numerals & letters

35

7

5

4

Three wheelers with engine capacity above 500 CC

Front and rear numerals & letters

40

7

5

5

All other motor vehicles

Front and rear numerals & letters

65

10

10

EXCEPT REGISTRATION MARKS OF THE VEHICLE ANY OTHER NAMES, PICTURES, ARTS SHALL NOT BE DISPLAYED ON NUMBER PLATES. FANCY LETTERING IS NOT PERMITTED.

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When to Use High Security Registration Plates (HSRP)?

The central ministry of road transport and highways issued a notification on the 25th February 2019. It is for all motor vehicle users in the country. The central government has made it very clear that all vehicles which are newly manufactured from the first of April 2019 must have the HSRP. 

The term “newly manufactured” is not the same as “newly sold”. People are free to sell and buy vehicles as before and also proceed as usual to register their vehicles. This new law is not mandatory to vehicles which are manufactured before that date namely, April 1st 2019.

Only for Newly Manufactured After April 1

The vehicles which are manufactured before April 1st do not come under the new law concerning compulsory use of high security registration plate. It means that the vehicles which are already in the show rooms and go-downs can be sold and registered as before and those vehicles also can use the number plates assigned by the RTO. All the vehicles which are manufactured from the first of April must follow the new rule of HSRP and obtain the high security registration plates as prescribed by the law. 

All the vehicles which are in the showrooms now need not follow this obligation because they were manufactured before the 1st April 2019. The manufacturing companies are well aware of this fact that all vehicles which they manufacture from the 1st April 2019 must have the HSRP as defined by the government. They will definitely inform all the dealers about this responsibility on their part regarding the newly manufactured and sold vehicles. In short no one needs to hesitate to sell or buy vehicles and to get them registered a usual. They need not use HSRP for such vehicles because the law is not applicable to them as per this central government notification.

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